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Haiti Info: The People of Haiti


country comparison to the world: 88
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 38.1% (male 1,735,917/female 1,704,383)
15-64 years: 58.5% (male 2,621,059/female 2,665,447)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 120,040/female 188,690) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 20.2 years
male: 19.8 years
female: 20.7 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.838% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70

Birth rate:

29.1 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50

Death rate:

8.65 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88

Net migration rate:

-2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138


urban population: 47% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 59.69 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 37
male: 66.18 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 53.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 60.78 years
country comparison to the world: 181
male: 59.13 years
female: 62.48 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

3.81 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

2.2% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

120,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
HIV/AIDS - deaths:

7,200 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)


noun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian

Ethnic groups:

black 95%, mulatto and white 5%


Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%
note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo


French (official), Creole (official)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 52.9%
male: 54.8%
female: 51.2% (2003 est.)

Education expenditures:

1.4% of GDP (1991)
country comparison to the world: 175

(Source: CIA)

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